Assessing and clearing of flood damages at constructions and infrastructure

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The measure includes the assessment of damages at buildings and infrastructure (e.g. transport routes, water supply, and waste water disposal) concerning their usability and the necessity for restoration after an event. The measure is also important for the settlement of claims through insurance companies. In case that support from public disaster funds is available, procedures…

LEADER processes

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LEADER is an integrated development process in rural areas funded by EU CAP funds and designed to engage, enable, resource and empower local (rural) communities. The LEADER approach comprises e.g. bottom up elaboration and implementation of area based local development strategies; integrated and multi-sectoral actions; networking and cooperation. Heavy rain/flood risk reduction can be assigned…

Barrages (check dams)

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Check dams act as barriers to swift creeks and gullies or usually dry pathways of concentrated surface runoff. They can be constructed in form of a sill or a step. The measure reduces the longitudinal slopes, serves the accumulation of surface waters and controls the velocity of the concentrated surface runoff during intense rainfall events.…

Regulation of torrent streams and gullies

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This measure is usually carried out in form of sets of barrages built in a direction perpendicular to a stream’s direction. The aim of the measure is to modify the erosion and accumulation processes in torrent streams through the retention of water and eroded material, e.g. when settlement areas are at risk. It effect is…

Buffer zones of riparian vegetation and areas with hydrophilic treatment plants for protecting water bodies from pollution

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The measures describe vegetation-covered systems which are in varying degrees saturated with water. They pre-treat rainwater and extend the retention time. They can serve as buffer zones around water bodies. Pollutants are removed as a result of intensive sedimentation and assimilation by aquatic vegetation and adsorption in biogeochemical barriers e.g. in the form of gabions…

Restoration of floodplains and floodplain forests, natural succession

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Identifying and re-establishing of flood plains and deposition areas, such as by removal of protection structures for agricultural land, contributes to the retention of water along rivers and, thus, to heavy rain risk reduction. In the past, most floodplains have been taken over for other uses; former floodplain forests are separated from river and runoff…