Sequential sedimentation and biofiltration systems
Such systems consist of a variety of a hydrophyte treatment plants for eco-hydrological regulation. They are structured in three zones: a zone for intensive sedimentation (in which a combination of fixed and portable structures modifies the hydrodynamics of the chamber and increases sedimentation); another zone for intensive biogeochemical processes (where thick limestone fractions capture phosphorus compounds); and a third zone for biofiltration (for the removal of biogenic compounds using macrophytes). The zones are separated from each other by gabions from thick gravel, which additionally filter water.
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Sabine Scharfe, Saxon State Office for Environment, Agriculture and Geology