Buffer zones of riparian vegetation and areas with hydrophilic treatment plants for protecting water bodies from pollution
The measures describe vegetation-covered systems which are in varying degrees saturated with water. They pre-treat rainwater and extend the retention time. They can serve as buffer zones around water bodies. Pollutants are removed as a result of intensive sedimentation and assimilation by aquatic vegetation and adsorption in biogeochemical barriers e.g. in the form of gabions filled with dolomite or limestone and covered with a coconut mats. They are particularly important in the case of inflow of heavily polluted waters after heavy rain events.
Check out the RAINMAN good practice examples:
no good practice example available
- Office International de l’Eau (2015): Natural Water Retention Measures, URL: http://nwrm.eu (19.03.2020): filter strips
Sabine Scharfe, Saxon State Office for Environment, Agriculture and Geology