Tool risk reduction measures


Protection, rehabilitation and rejuvenation of forests esp. on slopes

Because of their retention effect and because they protect slopes from erosion, forests reduce surface water runoff and sediment transport. Forest management should be adapted to suit the specific needs of vulnerable objects further down the slope. Large-scale logging operations, for example, need to be avoided. Forest composition should be managed to achieve a water retention level that is as high as possible. Forestry measures should accommodate the likely changes in precipitation and flooding patterns derived from climate change.

Fields of action
Additionally to flood risk reduction by slowing and storing surface runoff, the measure has medium or high possible benefits for the following biophysical impacts and ecosystem services: Increase evapotranspiration; Increase infiltration and/or groundwater recharge; Increase soil water retention; Reduce pollutant sources; Intercept pollution pathways; Reduce erosion and/or sediment delivery; Create terrestrial habitats; Absorb and/or retain CO2; Water storage;Natural biomass production; Climate change adaptation and mitigation; Filtration of pollutants; Recreational opportunities; Aesthetic/cultural value; Improve soils; Create aquatic habitat; Create riparian habitat; Reduce peak temperature; Biodiversity preservation

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Sabine Scharfe, Saxon State Office for Environment, Agriculture and Geology